Defining Shape

Figure/Ground

Composition






Closure

Closure is the process through which we create implied shapes by perceiving an organizing principle that unites various elements. We don't need complete contours to perceive a shape. We will mentally close the gaps, continue the contours and group objects together in order to create shapes that seem familiar or complete to us. Closure is one of several organizing principles that were investigated by Gestalt psychologists in an attempt to understand why we perceive implied shapes. Their findings are important to the visual arts because they help to explain how we recognize and understand the things we see.

 

Slide the bar up and down to see the shape change from a closed contour shape to a partially defined shape. Select different shapes by clicking them on the right.