Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology   3/e   Seeley/Stephens/Tate
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Chapter 19: The Reproductive System


Chapter Objectives

Chapter 19: The Reproductive System

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the scrotum and explain the role of the dartos and cremaster muscles in temperature regulation of the testes.

  2. Describe the structure of the testes, name the specialized cells of the testes, and give their functions.

  3. Describe the process of spermatogenesis.

  4. Describe the route sperm cells follow from the site of their production to the outside of the body.

  5. Describe the structure of the penis.

  6. Name the male reproductive glands, state where they empty into the duct system, and describe their secretions.

  7. List the hormones that influence the male reproductive system and describe their functions.

  8. Explain the events that occur during the male sexual act.

  9. Name the organs of the female reproductive system and describe their structure.

  10. Describe the anatomy and histology of the ovaries.

  11. Discuss the development of the follicle and the oocyte, and describe the processes of ovulation and fertilization.

  12. Describe the changes that occur in the ovary and uterus during the menstrual cycle.

  13. List the hormones of the female reproductive system and explain how their secretion is regulated.

  14. Explain the events that occur in the female sexual act.

  15. Define menopause and describe the changes that result from it.

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