WWW Links

By David L. Evans/Penn College of Technology/PSU

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8
Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16
Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24
Chapter 25 Chapter 26 Chapter 27 Chapter 28 Chapter 29 Chapter 30

 

Chapter 1: Introduction

http://www.madsci.org/~lynn/VH/

This is a visible human web page. You can look at different sections.

http://www.vh.org/Providers/TeachingFiles/NormalRadAnatomy/Text/RadM1title.html

This site shows normal X-rays of different parts of the body

http://www.vesalius.com/arch1.html

This shows various images of the body using different methods such as drawings, photographs, etc.

http://www.med.virginia.edu/hs-library/historical/antiqua/anthome.html

This site has information about the history of medicine from several periods.

http://wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov/

The National Library of Medicine offers access to 60,000 images.

Chapter 2: Chemistry

http://esg-www.mit.edu:8001/esgbio/chem/review.html

There are a number of items related to basic chemistry discussed here.

http://www.exploratory.org.uk/plores/per_tbl/per_tbl.htm

This presents a clickable periodic table. There are brief discussions about each element.

http://www.umass.edu/microbio/rasmol/gallery.htm

The University of Massachusetts has a site here with some 3-D views of some biochemicals.

http://esg-www.mit.edu:8001/bio/lm/lmdir.html

There are pretty complete discussions here of the chemicals in living things. The site explains the structures and what the chemicals do.

Chapter 3: Cell structure

http://www.inform.umd.edu/PBIO/wolniak/wolniakmitosis.html

This has a series of pictures of cells undergoing mitosis.

http://lenti.med.umn.edu/~mwd/cell.html

This is a cell course with some explanations and diagrams.

http://esg-www.mit.edu:8001/bio/cb/cbdir.html

This page is from a very nice on-line biology course from MIT. It includes some attractive and accurate pictures and brief explanations.

http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~carl/cellhome.htm

This has some useful diagrams and information about plant cells.

http://www.tulane.edu/~dmsander/garryfavweb.html

This is a very fine web site for viruses. Since viruses basically hijack the host cell, they are important to keep in mind when we talk about how cells work

Chapter 4: Enzymes, energy, and metabolism

http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~carl/mitochon.htm

This site contains a brief explanation of the function of the mitochondrion.

http://gened.emc.maricopa.edu/bio/bio181/BIOBK/BioBookGlyc.html

This has some effective diagrams of cell respiration.

http://science.clayton.edu/pratte/jmp7.html

This site discusses the Laws of Thermodynamics.

http://www.cwru.edu/med/CIDEM/cidem.htm

This site from Case/Western Reserve University discusses inherited disorders of energy metabolism.

 

Chapter 5: Membrane transport

http://www2.dal.ca/distsite/frank/cf.html

Cystic fibrosis is a failure in the chloride channels. This site will give you more information.

http://www.healthanswers.com/database/ami/converted/000511.html

This site has information about diabetes insipidus.

http://www.kdf.org.sg/aboutkidney.html

This page discusses kidney dialysis: when it is require, types of dialysis, transplant as an alternative,

Chapter 6: Histology

http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/Atlas/atlas.html

This site has some excellent samples of histological views from different systems.

http://www.tissuebank.com/

This page has some links to a few tissue banks for research.

http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/HEMEHTML/HEMEIDX.html#5

There are numerous slides of blood tissues at this site from the University of Utah’s medical school.

Chapter 7: Integumentary system

http://www.med.usyd.edu.au/medicine/melanoma/page3.html

Here are some pictures of melanomas from the Melanoma Foundation.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/lymeinfo.htm

This is a site packed with information about Lyme Disease. There are some very good photographs and charts here.

http://www.derma.med.uni-erlangen.de/bilddb/index_e.htm

There are dozens of images of skin diseases presented at this site from the University of Ehlrangen.

http://www.niagara.edu/~bcliff/integcs1.html

This site from Niagara University has a brief case study of sunburn.

http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/factsht/headlice.htm

Head lice have become a problem in school age children. Maine public health presents this fact sheet.

Chapter 8: Skeletal system: Bone tissue

http://www.osteo.org/

This site has a lot of information about osteoporosis but it also includes some data on Paget’s disease and other bone diseases.

http://weber.u.washington.edu/~bonephys/

There are a lot of interesting photomicrographs related to bone physiology at this site.

http://www.spacedu.com/

This site discusses the effects of weightlessness on bones.

Chapter 9: Axial skeleton

http://www-leland.stanford.edu/~holbrook/Spinabifida.html

Here are some interesting ultrasound views of spina bifida.

http://www.aahnfp.org/tmjanddh.html

The American Academy of Head, Neck and Facial Pain has this site which discusses the TMJ. It includes several drawings.

http://www.su-plaza.com/trejos/HERNIATE.HTM

You can see some useful diagrams of herniated lumbar discs here.

 

Chapter 10: Skeletal system: appendicular

http://www.csuchico.edu/phed/atc/Projects/ITband/ITBFS.html

The California State University at Chico presents a very useful set of pages of diagrams and text about the anatomy, biomechanics, and treatment of the knee.

http://www.matmo.army.mil:80/pages/caseStudies/radiology/radsIndexdiagnosis.html

There are photographs, history, and diagnoses of various cancers of the leg here.

http://www.med.univ-rennes1.fr/cerf/ico_an/INDEXAN.HTM

The University of Rennes (in France) has a large database with X-rays and other images of a wide assortment of conditions. You will need to sort through them alphabetically. This address will give you the English translation.

 

Chapter 11: Articulations

http://everest.radiology.uiowa.edu/gallery/mpegs.html

There is an MPEG movie of a knee here.

http://indy.radiology.uiowa.edu/Providers/Textbooks/JointFluoro/JointFluoroHP.html

There are several views of different joints provided by the University of Iowa’s Virtual Hospital.

http://www.pslgroup.com/ARTHRITIS.HTM

If you want the newest updates on arthritis and related diseases, click here.

http://rheumb.bham.ac.uk/primer.html

This site from the University of Brimingham provides basic information on rheumatism.

 

Chapter 12: Muscle tissue

http://www.bio.unipd.it/~telethon/MuscleNET.html

You can find a gene map giving the locations of genes that affect the muscles here.

http://www.mdausa.org/whatsnew.html

The Muscular Dystrophy Association provides research updates on the disease.

http://www.merck.com/!!sGLGz1nlhsGLHs3I3O/pubs/mmanual/html/kjfejhhc.htm

The Merck Manual discusses mysethenia gravis.

 

Chapter 13: Muscular system

http://www.ptcentral.com/muscles/

There is a list, by region, of the origins and insertions of muscles.

http://www.ama-assn.org/insight/gen_hlth/atlas/muscles/musbmain.htm

The American Medical Association has a front view of identified muscles. There is also a brief discussion of each of the labeled muscles

http://www.ama-assn.org/insight/gen_hlth/atlas/muscles/musbmain.htm

As above but from the back.

http://www.ama-assn.org/insight/gen_hlth/atlas/newatlas/muside.htm

This is similar to the two previous addresses but illustrates the side views of male and female runners.

http://www9.biostr.washington.edu/cgi-bin/DA/PageMaster?atlas:Knee+ffpathIndex:active1+2

These beautiful images of the knee include muscles.

Chapter 14: Functional organization of the nervous system

http://members.aol.com/kations/iontophoresis/index.html

This site explains how basic research on neurons is done. It includes diagrams.

http://www.voicenet.com/~rybak/pop.html

This has fairly technical information on how groups of neurons work together.

http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/kw/ms/

This site has a tutorial on multiple scelerosis.

http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/nerves.html

There are several topics listed here including several about neurotransmitters.

 

Chapter 15: Central nervous system

http://brighamrad.harvard.edu/education/online/BrainSPECT/Main_Slide_Show/Main_SS.html

This site, produced by the Radiology Department of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, a Harvard medical institute, has many very effective case studies of brain disorders such as Alzheimer disease, astrocytoma, and others.

http://sunsite.unc.edu/Neuro/cd.html

There are some labeled cadaver dissections of the brain at this site from the University of North Carolina.

http://www.uke.uni-hamburg.de/Institutes/IMDM/IDV/Early_Works2.html

Here are some movies of the brain and head.

http://thalamus.wustl.edu/course/

This site has interesting diagrams and discusses the information flow through the nervous system.

http://neurosurgery.mgh.harvard.edu/ha/fact-sht.htm

This is a fact sheet about hydrocephalus.

http://www.biostat.wustl.edu/alzheimer/

This site from Washington University has a useful Alzheimer Disease search tool.

Chapter 16: Peripheral nervous system

http://neuroscience.miningco.com/

There are brief explanations and literature lists of several topics related to the nervous system.

http://www.aan.com/public/bals.html

You can get information here about Amyotropic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease) here.

http://www.mc.Vanderbilt.Edu/peds/pidl/neuro/spineatr.htm

This discusses Spinal Muscular Atrophy which usually has a genetic cause and is related to the degeneration of nerves in the spinal cord.

 

Chapter 17: Autonomic nervous system

http://www.fda.gov/cder/consumerinfo/viagra/

This site provides the FDA’s information about Viagra.

http://www.uib.no/isf/people/doc/clin.htm

This site has information about female urinary incontinence with some information about autonomic neurological implications.

http://www.noah.cuny.edu/neuro/neuropg.html#REFLEX

There are fact sheets and answers to frequently asked questions related to reflex dystrophy syndrome and links to other sites

http://www.serve.com/licorice/syncope1.html

You can look over a fairly technical article about vasovagal syncope at this site.

Chapter 18: Sensory organs

http://www.eyeinfo.com/wayworks.html

Attractive illustrations, some labeled and clear explanations are to be found here.

http://www.li.net/~sullivan/ears.htm

You can look at audioscopic videos at this site.

http://dnalab-www.uia.ac.be/dnalab/hhh/syndromi.html#Waardenburg syndrome

Waardenburg syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects both the eye and the ear. This site discusses symptoms and gives many details about its genetics.

http://www.hearusa.com/tinnitus.htm

This site explains tinnitus, its causes, how to avoid making it worse, and possible treatments. The site includes other web pages which one can look at.

http://retina.anatomy.upenn.edu/~lance/Neurochem/neurotransmitter.html

This contains a list of neurotransmitters with some links for some of the chemicals.

Chapter 19: Endocrine system

http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/thyroid/

The Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital has this site which discusses thyroid disorders and their treatments.

http://www.mentalhealth.com/book/p40-sad.html

Season Affective Disorder is related to several parts of the body including the endocrine system.

http://www.medhelp.org/nadf/

If you are interested in Addison’s disease and other adrenal cortex diseases., check this one out.

http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has a super site about diabetes. There is all sorts of information, state-related information, and even clipart!

 

Chapter 20: Circulatory system: Blood

http://www-leland.stanford.edu/~holbrook/Rh_Disease.html

This site from Stanford gives some basic information about Rh disease.

http://www.neosoft.com/~uthman/blood_cells.html

This site has photomicrographs and descriptions of blood cells. It goes on to detailing a complete blood cell count.

http://www.mskcc.org/document/WICLEUK.htm

There is some text explaining what leukemia is here.

Chapter 21: Circulatory system

http://everest.radiology.uiowa.edu/gallery/mpegs.html

There is an animated film of a blood vessel with an aneurism here.

http://www.crd.ge.com/esl/cgsp/projects/medical/

There are several nice animations here including one showing particle flow through some blood vessels.

http://members.aol.com/gvg97/vvpics.htm

There is a brief explanation and then several clear diagrams and photographs about varicose veins here.

Chapter 22: Circulatory system: Cardiac output…

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/heart/

This page comes from PBS and discusses a program on the heart and heart attacks. There are very nice color diagrams showing the heart and its action.

http://phys-main.umsmed.edu/studlabs/QCP2LABS/O2HOMEOS/THEPUMP/THEPUMP.HTM

This site includes some brief explanations relating to heart disease.

http://www.amhrt.org/Heart_and_Stroke_A_Z_Guide/index.html

This site includes an exhaustive set of terms which are either explained or have other links related to heart and circulatory disease.

http://homepages.enterprise.net/djenkins/ecghist.html

There is a history of the development of EKG’s here.

http://sln.fi.edu/biosci/biosci.html

There are a number of attractive illustrations and animations of the heart here.

 

Chapter 23: Lymph and immunity

http://www.genweb.com/Dnavax/dnavax.html

This provides a lot of information about DNA vaccines such as some of those being tested against HIV.

http://www.thebody.com/cdc/cdcpage.html

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have a long text document here related to AIDS diagnosis.

http://www.pitt.edu/~genetics/lymph/lymph.htm

The University of Pittsburgh has a group working on the genetics of lymphedema. There are links to related sites.

http://www.nh-lymphoma.mcmail.com/cancerud.htm

This site has some text about lymphoma. There are some pertinent diagrams and fuller explanations in the sub-pages.

Chapter 24: Respiratory system

http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/LUNGHTML/LUNGIDX.html

There are a great many pictures and photomicrographs of all sorts of lung conditions. Some normal lung views are included for comparison.

http://www.vh.org/Providers/Textbooks/LungAnatomy/BronchAnatomy/BronchAnat.html

There are some useful illustrations of respiratory anatomy here.

http://www9.biostr.washington.edu/cgi-bin/DA/PageMaster?atlas:Thorax+ffpathIndex:Thorax^Splash+2

The illustration of the thoracic viscera is splendid. The viewer can rotate the view. You must visit this site!

http://www.asap-care.com/Asthma.htm

This site has many useful details about asthma and related diseases.

Chapter 25: Urinary system: Fluid, electrolyte, and acid base balance

http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/nitrogen.html

There are several topics related to nitrogen metabolism on this page.

http://members.aol.com/rogerbaxtr/pages/Kidney_Stone_Page.html

This page has text and color illustrations related to kidney stones.

http://www.rxmed.com/illnesses/kidney_infection,_acute.html

You can find an explanation of acute pyelonephritis: causes and treatment.

 

Chapter 26: Digestion

http://www.osaka-med.ac.jp/omc-lib/noh.html

These are radiological images of digestive organs.

http://www.who.int/ctd/html/schisto.html

This page from the World Health Organization discusses schistosomiasis, a serious disease which primarily affects the digestive system.

http://www.state.me.us/dhs/eng/water/giarcryp.htm

Are you worried about Giardia in your water? Learn about it here.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/hpylori.htm

Find out about the most important cause of ulcers, It isn’t your anatomy and physiology class!

Chapter 27: Regulation and metabolism

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/hpylori.htm

Galactosemia is a recessive genetic disorder that can seriously damage the liver, kidney, brain, and other organs unless it is quickly diagnosed in the neonate. Read about it at this address.

http://www.weight.com/Dexfenfluramine.html

This site provides information about how dexfenfluramine (i.e. Redux) works. The drug has now been removed from the market but the site is useful in explaining the hunger impulse.

http://www.calciuminfo.com/

This is a commercial web site published by a manufacturer of a famous antacid. The information seems fair, straightforward, and accurate.

http://www.calciuminfo.com/

Read about the effects of vitamin B-12 deficiency here.

 

Chapter 28: Reproduction: Development and the Male

http://www.impotent.com/deacode.html

There is a lot of information here about impotence including frequently asked questions and diagrams.

http://rattler.cameron.edu/strum/

This site explains diagnostic terminology related to prostate cancer.

http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/1997/397_baby.html

The FDA has produced this site about contraception. It has text, figures, and tables.

http://www.rti.org/hypo_etc/bc_male.html

Are you interested in an effective contraceptive pill for men with no side effects? Read this popular account and then click on more technical links if you have further interest.

Chapter 29: Female reproductive system

http://www.bcdg.org/

This site presents many aspects of breast cancer including diagnosis and treatment options.

http://gynoncology.obgyn.washington.edu/Tutorials/OvarianCancer.html

There are several topics related to ovarian cancer here including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.

http://www.monistat.com/

This site discusses vaginal yeast infections and treatments.

http://www.ama-assn.org/insight/gen_hlth/atlas/newatlas/femrep.htm

The American Medical Association sponsors this site illustrating the female reproductive system.

http://www.obgyn.upenn.edu/pms/pms.html

The University of Pennsylvania provides text related to PMS here.

http://health.ucsd.edu/guide/T0167.htm

This short page gives information from the University of California at San Diego about morning sickness.

Chapter 30: Developmental anatomy and inheritance

http://health.ucsd.edu/guide/T0135.htm

This is a fact sheet about amniocentiesis.

http://www.advancedfertility.com/ectopic.htm

There are some interesting views of ectopic pregnancy at this address.

http://www3.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim/

The purpose of this site is to provide information on Mendelian inheritance in humans.

http://www.crd.ge.com/esl/cgsp/projects/medical/

See the animation of the baby being born here.

http://www.emory.edu/PEDS/SICKLE/

Emory University presents a site that explains sickle cell anemia and its screening.


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