Anatomy & Physiology

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Histology Lectures
This site contains materials associated with histology lectures prepared by Dr. Oliver Bögler of the Department of Anatomy of the Medical College of Virginia at Virginia Commonwealth University. The content is drawn from PowerPoint presentations and includes individual treatment of the histology of the cell, eye, ear, muscle, skin, and nervous system. Dr. Bögler also maintains a brain tumor biology laboratory webpage which provides information about the research performed in his lab and extensive information about the biology of brain tumors.

Knowledge Weavers
Knowledge Weavers is a project of the Eccles Health Sciences Library at the University of Utah and strives to "provide health sciences educators with high quality, Web-based multimedia resources." The site contains a searchable multimedia catalog of content associated with medical education and a gallery of sample multimedia materials recently created by the project team. The material here is very high quality and well worth examining.

The Virtual Hospital
This is a tremendous digital health sciences library, maintained by University of Iowa Health Care. The goal of the site is "to make the Internet a useful medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients." This virtual library contains hundreds of books and brochures for both health care workers and patients and is one of the best examples of how the internet can be used to disseminate information. Most notable is the extensive collection of Multimedia Textbooks of human medicine. The collection consists of nearly 30 separate volumes, including "Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section", "Lung Anatomy", "Clinical Genetics: A Self Study for Health Care Providers", and "The Human Brain: Dissections of the Real Brain".

JayDoc HistoWeb
This resource was developed for first-year medical students at the School of Medicine of the University of Kansas and is:

"... a histology atlas that corresponds with the laboratory exercises of the Cell & Tissue Biology course of the School of Medicine of the University of Kansas. HistoWeb provides succinct explanations of the tissues to guide the first-year medical student in the use of their microscope."
Material is arranged by topic (e.g., Cell Structure, Respiratory, Endocrine, Vascular, Histopathology) and consists of high quality histology photographs, usually with associated annotations.

Fetal Pig Dissection
Nothing like a digital version of a classic biology lab. This site is maintained by Lakeview High School of Columbus, Nebraska and provides 37 images of a dissected fetal pig. The images are generally of fair quality and can be used either as a slide show or as individual images. Major structures are clearly labeled in most images and some have links to sound files that provide proper pronunciation.

Virtual Anatomy Labs
Delaware County Community College has provided three virtual labs -- Virtual Bones, Virtual Cat and Virtual Microscope -- as an educational tool for students and instructional aid for faculty. The materials consist primarily of photographs of prepared specimens. The user has the choice of viewing either labeled or unlabeled photos, and there are self-testing opportunities for most sections.

Radiologic Anatomy Images (Human Anatomy)
This site is a collection of radiology images used in the Human Anatomy course at Emory University. The images are arranged into five groups: 1) Limbs, 2) Head, 3) Neck, 4) Thorax, and 5) Abdomen and Pelvis. The structures shown in the images are clearly labeled making these materials a useful resource for examining human anatomy.

The Heart: An Online Exploration
The Franklin Institute provides this introduction to the anatomy and functioning of the human heart. The site draws upon resources developed in-house but also effectively uses images and information at other sites. Topics include development and structure, information on monitoring your heart health and an introduction to the history of heart science. Many of the subject areas are supplemented with resource materials and enrichment activities. There is also a brief glossary of heart-related terms. (The main page automatically produces the sound of a beating heart and you may soon feel like the fellow in Poe's "The Tell-Tale Heart" if you remain there too long!)

3D Visible Human Dissections
This library of AVI movies uses information from the Visible Human Project to provide dissections of various components of the human anatomy. The movies are very good although file sizes are large, ranging from 7 to 14 MBs. Recommended: QuickTime plugin

A Guided Tour of the Visible Human
This is a great resource that allows easy use of the 18,000+ images generated from the Visible Human Project. The site is meant to be an introductory treatment of human anatomy and covers topics that include cross-sectional anatomy and planes of section. There are also annotated images and animations that clearly identify structures on demand by the user. Finally, a search engine allows you to find all images that contain a particular structure. This site is maintained as part of the MAD Scientist Network at Washington University School of Medicine

This site provides some examples of materials created by VOXEL-MAN ("a comprehensive system for volume visualisation of medical image data like computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)"). Available are images and animations based on information from the Visible Human Project as well as others meant to serve as examples of the capabilities of the application. Recommended: QuickTime plugin

Virtual Anatomy Project
The Virtual Anatomy Project at Colorado State University is creating a database of 3D images of the human body. Currently the site has a collection of MPEG animations of various body parts. Most interesting is the VA Image Browser which allows the user to select an anatomical structure and have the browser produce an animated rotation of that structure. Recommended: QuickTime plugin

The Urbana Atlas of Pathology
As the name implies, this site (from College of Medicine at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign) provides an extensive collection of images relating to human pathology. Materials are arranged by topic and include an overview of general pathology, cardiovascular pathology, endocrine pathology, pulmonary pathology, and renal pathology.

Pathology 703: Laboratory Slides
This is another collection of slides for the study of human pathology. Each of these slides is annotated and has labels for important structures and features. This collection is used in teaching pathology at the Medical School of the University of Wisconsin.

Seeing, Hearing & Smelling the World
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute provides this detailed treatment of human senses. The document starts with a general discussion of how the brain interacts with the sense organs to collect and interpret information. This is followed by detailed and separate discussions on hearing, seeing and smelling; included in these sections are examples of how senses can be fooled and how and why things do not work quite right in some people. Finally, the role of brain imaging techniques in aiding our understanding of the functioning of our senses is discussed.

Neuroscience Tutorial
Titled as an "illustrated guide to the essential basics of clinical neuroscience", this resource from the School of Medicine at Washington University is a very good, illustrated introduction to the basics of human neuroscience. The site is divided into seventeen sections which include central visual pathways, hypothalamus and autonomic nervous system, and spinal motor structures . The figures and photographs are high quality and contribute greatly to the effectiveness of the site.

Virtual Immunology Lab: ELISA Assay
As the name indicates, this is a highly interactive introduction to the running of an ELISA assay to detect the presence of a particular antibody in a patient's blood. The tutorial provides a very good introduction to the biology of the technique before the lab is run and then has the user "perform" the assay by manipulating virtual lab equipment onscreen. Some of the steps are more cute than necessary but overall this site is well constructed. Required: Shockwave plugin and Javascript-enabled browser