- Enter Evolution: Theory and History
- This site (developed by the University of California Museum of Paleontology) traces the history of evolutionary thought. Illustrated biographies are presented for major figures, by period: Founders of Natural Science-From Ancient Times to the Enlightenment (Aristotle, da Vinci, Agricola, Ray, and Hooke); Great Naturalists of the Eighteenth Century (e.g., Leclerc/de Buffon, Linnaeus, Darwin, and Paley); Preludes to Evolution (Lamarck, Malthus, Cuvier, St. Hilaire, Matthew, Anning, Owen, and Agassiz); Natural Selection and Beyond (Huxley, Haeckel, Cope, Osborn, and Wegener); and Special Exhibit-UCMP after 75 Years (Merriam, Alexander, and Huff). The site also explores the topics of systematics, taxonomy, dinosaur discoveries, and vertebrate flight.
- The Evolutionist
- This online magazine is a forum for presenting, discussing, and debating new, thought-provoking evolutionary ideas-in particular, those issues related to human evolution. It features regular updates on evolutionary projects, commentary and opinions from leading writers and thinkers in the field, exclusive access to some great modern minds, pocket previews of major new ideas, and numerous links. People may find during their visit to this site ponderings on issues at Evo; a Postcard by Geoffrey Miller on how people think; a Column by Colin Trudge on modern genetic thinking; an Interview with who some describe as "Darwinian representative" George C. Williams, on approaches to medicine with respect to knowledge of human and pathogen evolution; a Feature by Cornell University economist Robert Frank on "winner take all" markets and the connection between economics and elks; and a Soap Box where Marek Kohn asks whether evolutionary science can be politically correct. A variety of links carries visitors to related web sites of interest. This site is published by the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Sciences at the London School of Economics.
- The World Wide Web Virtual Library: Evolution
- This Evolution subsection of the World Wide Web Virtual Library Biosciences section provides lists of links to informational resources on the web-including related areas on the Virtual Library. Links are categorized by General Evolution Resources; General Biology Resources; Meetings; Journals; Books; Software; Academic Departments and Laboratories; Organizations; Museums and Exhibits; Collections; Molecular Evolution; Phylogenetics, Systematics, and Taxonomy; and Paleontology and Natural History.
- Frequently Encountered Criticisms in Evolution vs. Creationism: Revised and Expanded
- This list is an introduction to some of the arguments/propositions made by creationists. A click on any of more than 50 creationist assertions calls forth a corresponding science-based response with references. Visitors may submit a question to the site; the page also links to a "Site of the Day" and links to a site for those who wish to read more rigorous refutations of creationist assertions.
- Live Artificial Life
- This site features interactive A-life (artificial life) programs and animated simulations: Morphs (evolve and grow morphs, pick and post a morph); Plant Wa-Tor (set controls and watch sharks drive fish to brink of extinction); SortNet (simple genetic algorithm to evolve minimal sorting networks); Swarm (watch flocking behavior spontaneously emerge); Demons (get demons to emerge in cyclic space automata); LIFE (cellular automation-table of cells and set of rules describing how to find successive generations of the cells); CA (one-dimensional cellular automata); Forest Fire (simulating the spread of a forest fire); and Bots ("creatures" exhibiting behavior based on local environment and genes). A-life programs help scientists study life processes by recreating biological phenomena and behavior with computers and other "artificial" media.
- The Phylogeny of Life
- This University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP) site is devoted to the ancestor/descendent relationships connecting all organisms that have ever lived. Visitors can learn about the history of life on Earth by tracing life's phylogeny from three starting points. In The Biosphere, users can work their way through the phylogeny of all organisms-from whales to bacteria-a story covering 3.5 billion years. A click on The Metazoa traces the history of living and fossil animals over 600 million years. Or users may focus on Vertebrates. The site features a handy "Web Lift" to Any Taxon (explore archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, viruses, animals, chromists, fungi, plants, protists, and vertebrates); Any Period (a web "geological time machine"); Any Topic; Glossary (multivolume, multimedia virtual glossary used on the UCMP server); and Help.
- The Natural History Museum's Science Casebook
- An interactive exploration of some of the work undertaken at London's Natural History Museum. A walk through the galleries engages visitors in thought-provoking, graphics-packed stories. "The beast of Bodmin Moor" examines the tale of how the Museum identified a mysterious large-fanged beast whose skull was found by a 14-year-old boy in Cornwall. The case "The cosmic football" tells how Museum scientists discovered an unusual micrometeorite, and how its million-year-old history was unraveled. Each interactive case poses questions at various stages, involving participants in the scientific thought process. The site allows for feedback, discussion, and links to other sites.
- The Talk.origins Archive
- This archive gives answers to Frequently Asked Questions about origins. It is part of Talk.origins ("t.o."), a site devoted to issues related to biological and physical origins. Topics addressed include evolution, creation, abiogenesis, catastrophism, cosmology, and theology; for example, visitors may read about evidence for speciation or evolution, or investigate past and current research. The Talk.origins newsgroup features live exchanges among people with varying views. The site gives detailed directions for following the protocol for discussion. It allows for browse, search, feedback, and link.
- Tree of Life
- This growing collection is a map of modern scientific information on the phylogenetic relationships and characteristics of organisms-to demonstrate the diversity and unity of living organisms, and to link biological information on the Internet. Each page presents illustrated material about a particular group, with descriptions of key characteristics and so on. Visitors may browse the Tree through links to the Root page (of the entire Tree), Express page (with tools for finding pages or commonly accessed groups), Search page (facility for finding organisms by name or text on the Tree), Sample pages (links to branches that may be starting points for browsing), Picture Sampler (series of project images for viewing), or Treehouses (child-geared Tree pages with material on organisms at that branch). Great for anyone wanting information about a group of organisms; by biologists seeking identification keys, figures, phylogenetic trees, and other systematic information for a group of organisms; and by teachers of organismal diversity.
- Welcome to Zooland: The Artificial Life Resource
- Zooland presents an introduction and links to an intriguing A-to-Z series of sites for a-life programs (which help scientists study "natural" life by recreating biological phenomena with computers and other artificial media-a synthetic approach that complements the traditional approach). The site is a web front-end to the a-life collection on Eunet Deutschland's FTP server, the A-life Online at the Santa Fe Institute, and other web sites. An introduction by Christopher Langton, an a-life founder, acquaints users to the topic.
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