Table of Contents

Part I - Science, the Cell, and Molecular Biology  1

 1  Zoology: Its Place in Science  2

 2  The Chemical Basis of Animal Life  15

 3  Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems of Animals  31

 4  Energy and Enzymes: Life’s Driving and Controlling Forces  59

 5  How Animals Harvest Energy Stored in Nutrients  69

Part II - The Continuity of Animal Life  83

 6  Cell Division  84

 7  Inheritance Patterns  97

 8  Chromosomes and Gene Linkage  107

 9  Molecular Genetics: Ultimate Cellular Control  119

10  Descriptive Embryology  133

Part III - Evolution  151

11  Evolution: A Historical Perspective  152

12  Evolution and Gene Frequencies  163

Part IV - Behavior and Ecology  177

13  Animal Behavior  178

14  Ecology I: Individuals and Populations  191

15  Ecology II: Communities and Ecosystems  205

Part V - Animal-like Protists and Animalia  225

16  Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization  226

17  Animal-like Protists: The Protozoa  241

18  Multicellular and Tissue Levels of Organization  259

19  The Triploblastic, Acoelomate Body Plan  285

20  The Pseudocoelomate Body Plan: Aschelminths  301

21  Molluscan Success  317

22  Annelida: The Metameric Body Form  339

23  The Arthropods: Blueprint for Success  359

24  The Hexapods and Myriapods: Terrestrial Triumphs  379

25  The Echinoderms  401

26  Hemichordata and Invertebrate Chordates  423

27  The Fishes: Vertebrate Success in Water  435

28  Amphibians: The First Terrestrial Vertebrates  455

29  Reptiles: The First Amniotes  471

30  Birds: Feathers, Flight, and Endothermy  487

31  Mammals: Specialized Teeth, Endothermy, Hair, and Viviparity  505

Part VI - Form and Function: A Comparative Perspective  529

32  Protection, Support, and Movement  530

33  Communication I: Nerves  551

34  Communication II: Senses  567

35  Communication III: The Endocrine System and Chemical Messengers  585

36  Circulation, Immunity, and Gas Exchange  605

37  Nutrition and Digestion  629

38  Temperature and Body Fluid Regulation  655

39  Reproduction and Development  677

Glossary  699

Credits  733

Index  737


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