Chapter 2 Quiz 1

Chapter 2 Quiz 1



1. Which of the following is an Analytic Statement? a. The Statue of Liberty is in New York City.
b. Roses are red.
c. The sun rises in the east.
d. A bachelor is an unmarried male.



2. Which of the following is a Synthetic Statement? a. The Washington Monument has 4 sides
b. A bachelor is an unmarried male.
c. Either there is life on Mars or there isn't
d. A triangle has 3 sides



3. Empirical knowledge is the same as a posteriori knowledge. True
False



4. All mothers are parents. Which of the following best identifies this statement? a. It is a synthetic statement.
b. It is an empirical claim.
c. It is an analytic statement.
d. It is an a posteriori claim.



5. A skeptic believes that it is impossible to have justified beliefs. True
False



6. A rationalist is someone who believes that it is possible to attain knowledge without using any sense experience. True
False



7. Which of the following claims would an empiricist disagree with? a. Analytic a priori knowledge is possible
b. Humans are born without any pre-existing knowledge.
c. Synthetic a priori knowledge is possible.
d. Knowledge represents reality as it really is.



8. Fundamentally, a skeptic and an epistemological relativist have the same beliefs concerning the possibility of attaining knowledge. True
False



9. Which of the following would a skeptic not use to support her epistemological position? a. Our senses are sometimes fooled by illusions.
b. Some people believe things that are not true because they are insane, though they do not realize they are insane.
c. Even in our dreams 2 + 2 = 4.
d. We often dream of things that are not really true, like the existence of unicorns.



10. Which of the following Greek philosophers is not considered to be a skeptic? a. Carneades.
b. Pyrrho.
c. Cratylus.
d. Plato.



11. Which of the following is the best definition of Rene Descartes' methodological skepticism? a. One should suspend judgment on any belief that a reasonable person would doubt.
b. One should suspend judgment on any belief where there is not a preponderance of evidence supporting its truth.
c. One should suspend judgment on any belief that is not true beyond a reasonable doubt.
d. One should suspend judgment on any belief that is logically possible to doubt.

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