Chapter 2 Quiz 2

Chapter 2 Quiz 2

1. According to Rene Descartes, which of the following claims survives methodological skepticism? a. 2 + 3 = 5.
b. American astronauts landed on the moon in the 1970s.
c. None of the above. All these claims can be doubted.
d. Unicorns do not actually exist.

2. Rene Descartes believed in the existence of a very powerful evil demon. True

3. Which of the following claims did Rene Descartes believe could survive his methodological skepticism? a. I have a body.
b. The universe exists.
c. God exists.
d. I exist.

4. David Hume is best described as which of the following? a. An empiricist skeptic.
b. A rationalist relativist
c. An empiricist relativist
d. A rationalist skeptic.

5. The principle of induction admits that the laws of nature that are true today may not be true tomorrow. True

6. David Hume would have likely argued for the possibility that a dropped book might ‘fall’ up. True

7. Which of the following analogies best acounts for the concept of a innate ideas? a. The mind is like a computer preloaded with software.
b. A human is like an insect, led by encoded instincts.
c. The mind of an infant is like an empty bucket waiting to be filled with knowledge.
d. The mind is like a blank chalkboard.

8. Plato is best described as a rationalist. True

9. Which of the following best represents Plato’s point his dialog Phaedo? a. Concepts like beauty are learned and not universal.
b. What is beautiful to one person is ugly to another, thus beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
c. Ideas like perfection and justice only have meaning within the context of a particular society or culture.
d. People easily recognize when something falls short of perfection. This implies that the concept of perfection already exists within the person.

10. Which of the following completes this quote from William North Whitehead? “[T]he safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to…” a. Descartes
b. Hume
c. Aristotle
d. Plato

11. To gain any knowledge beyond his own existence, Rene Descartes believed it necessary to prove the existence of which of the following? a. Other human beings.
b. His own body.
c. An evil demon.
d. God.

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