Chapter 2 Quiz 4

Chapter 2 Quiz 4



1. Which of the following presents the main difference between the epistemologies of Berkeley and Locke? a. Locke was an empiricist while Berkeley was a rationalist.
b. Berkeley was an empiricist while Locke was a rationalist.
c. Locke believed in the existence of substance while Berkeley did not. Page 131
d. Berkeley believed in the existence of substance while Locke did not.



2. According to Berkeley, there is no difference between primary and secondary qualities. True Page 133
False



3. Consider the computer screen you are looking at. According to Berkeley, which of the following is the cause of your idea of this screen? a. The physical computer screen is the cause of your idea of the screen.
b. The idea of the computer screen is an innate idea.
c. God is the cause of the idea of the computer screen. Page 135
d. The computer screen is an idea you have created in your own mind.



4. Which of the following philosophers is considered a constructivist? a. Bertrand Russel.
b. Immanuel Kant. Page 143
c. George Berkeley.
d. David Hume.



5. Which of the following is the best definition of the distinction Kant makes between phenomena and noumena? a. Phenomena are things as they appear to us while noumena are things in themselves, as they exist outside our experience. Page 147
b. Phenomena is the plural of noumena.
c. Noumean is the plural of phenomena.
d. Noumena are things as they appear to us while phenomena are things in themselves, as they exist outside our experience.



6. Which of the following is an analogy that explains the relationship between Kantís notions of our intuitions and categories of understanding? a. The concepts of understanding are to our intuitions as cookie cutters are to cookie dough. Page 152
b. The concepts of understanding are to our intuitions as a completed puzzle is to the puzzle pieces.
c. The concepts of understanding are to our intuitions as bowling balls are to bowling pins.
d. The concepts of understanding are to our intuitions as a blackjack dealer is to a deck of cards.



7. According to Kant's epistemology, we can have knowledge of everything, even God. True
False Page 156



8. Which of the following philosophers is considered to be an objectivist? a. John Locke.
b. Socrates.
c. All three are Objectivists. Page 160
d. Immanuel Kant.



9. Which of the following best characterizes the position of the epistemological relativist? a. Although objective truth may exist, it is very difficult to attain.
b. Objective truth does not exist. Pages 162-165
c. Truth does not exist.
d. Although objective truth may exist, it is impossible to attain.



10. Which of the following best represents the relationship between subjectivism and relativism? a. Subjectivism is the opposite of relativism.
b. Subjectivism is equivalent to relativism.
c. Relativism is a subset of subjectivism.
d. Subjectivism is a subset of relativism. Page 166

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