Chapter 3 Quiz 1

Chapter 3 Quiz 1



1. Which of the following best describes a metaphysical monist? a. Someone who believes in the existence of one God.
b. Someone who believes in the existence of only one kind of reality.
c. Someone who believes in the existence of physical reality and the possibility of the existence of other kinds of reality.
d. Someone who believes in the existence of physical reality.



2. Where metaphysics is concerned, an idealist is someone who fits which of the following descriptions? a. She is very optimistic about the future.
b. She believes that reality is entirely physical in nature.
c. She believes that reality is entirely non-physical in nature.
d. She is a visionary.



3. Which of the following best identifies a metaphysical dualist? a. A dualist is someone who believes there are two distinct kinds of reality: mental and spiritual.
b. A dualist is someone who believes there are two distinct kinds of reality: physical and material.
c. A dualist is someone who believes there are at least two distinct kinds of reality, possibly more.
d. A dualist is someone who believes there are two distinct kinds of reality: physical and non-physical.



4. According to the principle of Ockham's razor, we should always focus on the simplest of all available theories that explain something. True
False



5. The words metaphysics and ontology can fairly be characterized as synonyms. True
False



6. According to Plato's metaphysics, which of the following is the most real? a. A wagon wheel.
b. A drawing of a circle.
c. Plato would say that all three of these are equally real.
d. The idea of the perfect circle.



7. According to Plato's metaphysics it is not fair to conclude that the concept beauty has a precise mathematical nature? True
False



8. Plato's Allegory of the Cave is best described as focusing on which of the following aspects of philosophy? a. Ethics.
b. Metaphysics.
c. Human nature.
d. Logic.

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