Chapter 3 Quiz 5

Chapter 3 Quiz 5

1. One of the main benefits of hard determinism is that, if true, it allows the possibility of a science of human behavior. True

2. If hard determinists are correct, and we had a complete understanding of human behavior, which of the following claims is most likely to be true? a. It was be impossible to predict what a person would do in any given situation.
b. It would be possible to predict what a person would do in any given situation.
c. It would be possible to hold people morally responsible for their actions.
d. The notion of free-will would remain unscathed.

3. Which of the following is not true of Benedict Spinoza? a. He denied the possibility of human freedom.
b. He believed that if a stone could speak it would say that it could choose to fall upward.
c. He believed that there were relevant differences between human beings and physical objects such a stones.
d. He was a pantheist.

4. Which of the following best characterizes B.F. Skinner? a. He was a libertarian.
b. He was a functionalist.
c. He was a hard determinist.
d. He was a soft determinist.

5. Which of the following is not generally considered to be a criticism of determinism? a. It undermines the idea of rationality.
b. It makes unwarranted generalizations from a limited amount of evidence.
c. It confuses methodological assumptions of science with metaphysical conclusions.
d. It relies on the existence of a very specific definition of God.

6. It is fair to say that indeterminism is a synonym for libertarianism. True

7. Which of the following is most likely to be true. a. Most existentialists are functionalists
b. Most existentialists are determinists.
c. Most existentialists are behaviorists.
d. Most existentialists are indeterminists.

8. Which of the following best characterizes the main difference between hard determinists and soft determinists. a. Hard determinists believe that every action is totally determined by actions that happened prior to it while soft determinists think that some actions are uncaused.
b. Hard determinists are libertarians while soft determinists are functionalists.
c. Hard determinists deny that humans are morally responsible for their actions while soft determinists argue that they are.
d. Hard determinists are behaviorists while soft determinists are libertarians.

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