Chapter 4 Quiz 2

Chapter 4 Quiz 2



1. Which of the following best characterizes the difference between a posteriori and a priori arguments for the existence of God? a. A priori arguments are used by atheists while a posteriori argument are used by believers.
b. A posteriori arguments are used by atheists while a priori argument are used by believers.
c. A posteriori arguments rely on our experiences while a priori argument do not.
d. A priori arguments rely on our experiences while a priori argument do not.



2. Which of the following is the best synonym for he argument for the existence of God known as the "First Cause Argument? a. None of the above.
b. The Ontological Argument.
c. The Cosmological Argument.
d. The Teleological Argument.



3. Which of the following statements is the most accurate? a. According to the Cosmological Argument, there are only contingent beings.
b. According to the Cosmological Argument, there are no necessary beings.
c. According to the Cosmological Argument, there are both contingent and necessary beings.
d. According to the Cosmological Argument, there are no contingent beings.



4. Which of these common arguments that attempt to prove the existence of God have a version know as the Kalam? a. The Cosmological.
b. The Metaphysical.
c. The Teleological.
d. The Ontological.



5. It is a fair statement to say that Richard Taylor accepts the Principle of Sufficient Reason. True
False



6. Consider the following claims, which does not directly attack the Cosmological Argument for God's existence? a. Uncaused events are possible.
b. The first cause of the universe may well have been the Big Bang.
c. The idea of an infinite series of causes and effects going backward in time is strange but logically possible.
d. The idea of an uncaused event is absurd.



7. The Greek word "telos" is best translated as which of the following? a. God.
b. Goal.
c. Happiness.
d. Excellence.



8. Which of the following is the best synonym for the Teleological Argument for God's existence? a. The argument from Logical Necessity.
b. The Principle of Sufficient Reason.
c. The Design Argument.
d. The First Cause Argument.



9. In arguing for the existence of God, William Paley employs an analogy where he compares the universe to which of the following items? a. A compass.
b. A watch.
c. A clock.
d. A horseless carriage.



10. It is fair to say that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection can not be used to support the Teleological Argument for God's existence. True
False

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