Chapter 4 Quiz 3

Chapter 4 Quiz 3



1. In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume attacks the Teleological Argument for God's existence. Which of the following steps does Hume not employ? a. He claims that the similarities between human machines and nature are relevant but may be due to something other than the Judeo-Christian God.
b. He denies that there are relevant similarities between human machines and nature.
c. He presents a very weak version of the Teleological Argument that is easy to attack.
d. He presents a strong version of the Teleological Argument.



2. According to our text, which of the following people argue against the Teleological Argument for God's existence? a. F.R. Tennant.
b. Richard Swinburne.
c. Paul Davies.
d. Richard Dawkins.



3. Of the three main arguments that attempt to prove God's existence, only the Ontological does not rely on human sense experience. True
False



4. Which of the following claims does not directly attack the Ontological Argument for God's existence? a. Existence is not necessarily more perfect than non-existence.
b. There may in-fact be entities which exist that are greater than God.
c. All of these statements attack the Ontological Argument for God's existence.
d. Not everyone has the idea of God in their mind.



5. Which of the following arguments for God's existence can fairly be considered to be reductio ad absurdum arguments? a. The Teleological Argument.
b. All of the above.
c. The Cosmological Argument
d. The Ontological Argument.



6. Which of the following philosophers did not argue against the Ontological Argument for God's existence? a. Gaunilo.
b. Immanuel Kant.
c. St. Anselm.
d. David Hume.



7. Which of the following philosophers can not fairly be called nonevidentialist theists? a. William James
b. Blaise Pascal
c. Soren Kierkegaard
d. William Paley



8. Pascal's Wager is best summarized by which of the following? a. Whether or not God actually exists, it makes more sense to an atheist than a believer in God.
b. Whether or not God actually exists, it makes more sense to a believer in God than an atheist.
c. God does not play dice with the Universe.
d. Whether or not God actually exists, it makes more sense to an agnostic than either a believer in God or an atheist.



9. Three of the following, if true, serve as criticisms of Pascal's Wager. Which one is not a criticism? a. Christianity is not the only viable religious choice.
b. It is impossible to force yourself to believe something just because you decide to.
c. God would not punish an agnostic for her beliefs if they were based on the best available objective evidence.
d. It is impossible to rationally prove that God exists.



10. It is fair to say that William Clifford argued against Pascal's position on belief in God. True
False

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