Chapter 4 Quiz 4

Chapter 4 Quiz 4



1. Based on the definitions used by William James, believing in God or being an atheist are both "living options." True
False



2. According to William James, a belief based on subjective and/or pragmatic grounds can be justified only if it meets which of the following criteria? a. It must be a forced option.
b. It must be a live option.
c. It must be momentous option.
d. It must be all of the above.



3. Which one of the following philosophers is best described as a fideist? a. Soren Kierkegaard.
b. William James.
c. Blaise Pascal.
d. William Clifford.



4. Which of the following adjectives would Kierkegaard have been least likely to use to describe belief in God? a. Subjective.
b. Reasonable.
c. Absurd.
d. Paradoxical.



5. The Problem of Evil is an argument most often used to argue in favor of believing in God. True
False



6. Suppose a theist arguing that human beings have free will. Which of the following does this strategy attempt to explain? a. Moral Evil.
b. Natural Evil.
c. Both Moral and Natural Evil
d. Neither Moral nor Natural Evil.



7. Which of the following, if true, offers an answer to the Problem of Evil? a. God is not perfectly good.
b. God is not all powerful.
c. God's knowledge has limits.
d. A, B, and C are all appropriate answers.



8. Which of the following offers the best definition of the word, "theodicy?" a. A type of argument against God's existence based on the existence of evil in the world.
b. A "leap of faith."
c. A justification for God's permitting evil to exist.
d. A religious pilgrimage.



9. The "greater goods defense" is an argument that concludes that evil is an illusion. True
False



10. In the excerpts presented in our text, John Hicks and Albert Camus both present variations of the "greater goods defense." True
False

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