Chapter 4 Quiz 5

Chapter 4 Quiz 5



1. According to some scholars, the oldest of the Vedas (Hindu sacred texts were written in approximately what year? a. 800 B.C.
b. 1500 B.C
c. 1000 B.C
d. 500 B.C.



2. Which of the following best captures the meaning of the term, pantheism as it applies to Hinduism? a. Pantheism, in this context, refers to the belief in many individual gods.
b. Pantheism, in this context, refers to the fact that Hinduism is a religion that spans the entire country of India.
c. Pantheism is the belief that the world and God are identical.
d. Pantheism is a type of agnosticism.



3. Which of the following best characterizes the relationship between the Hindu concepts of Brahman and Atman? a. Brahman is the eternal soul while Atman is the temporal self.
b. Atman is an individuated sub-set of Brahman.
c. Brahman is an individuated sub-set of Atman.
d. Brahman and Atman are synonyms.



4. It is fair to say that the Hindu concept of "karma" is a form of fatalism; postulating that humans are in the grips of forces beyond their control. True
False



5. Which of the following statements concerning the Hindu concept of reincarnation is most accurate? a. The goal in life is to cease to be reincarnated at all.
b. Hindu's believe that human actions do not affect reincarnation at all.
c. Reincarnation is a cosmic reward for living a good life.
d. The goal in life is to be continually reincarnated into higher and higher forms of life.



6. The term, Buddha is the title and not the name of the founder of Buddhism. True
False



7. All modern Buddhists believe that Buddha was a divine being and offer prayers to him. True
False



8. It is fair to conclude that early Buddhism considered the existence of god(s) irrelevant to the human condition, if any god(s) existed in the first place. True
False



9. Which of the following statements about Buddhism is most accurate? a. The individual self is an illusion since it is actually a manifestation of Atman.
b. The individual self is understood as one aspect of a global cosmic consciousness.
c. The individual self is an illusion because there is actually nothing beyond the passing flow of events.
d. The individual self is immortal.



10. The Buddhist concept, Nirvana is accurately described as the Buddhist equivalent of the Christian concept of Heaven. True
False

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