Chapter 5 Quiz 1

Chapter 5 Quiz 1

1. According to Socrates, the only good reason to be a moral person is to avoid negative consequences. True

2. According to Glaucon, which of the following is the conclusion of the story called The Ring of Gyges. a. One should always be just because injustice always leads to unhappiness.
b. One should be just, even when there are no negative consequences for being unjust.
c. Being a just person only makes sense if you are very powerful.
d. If one can get away with being unjust without negative consequences then they should do so.

3. Which of the following best characterizes the distinction between ethics metaphysics? a. Ethics is descriptive while metaphysics is normative.
b. Both ethics and metaphysics are descriptive.
c. Both ethics and metaphysics are normative.
d. Ethics is normative while metaphysics is descriptive.

4. The divine command theory asserts that the rightness or wrongness of an action is necessarily related to the fact that God commands or forbids it. True

5. Which of the following claims concerning egoism is true? a. Both Glaucon and Thomas Hobbes believed that humans were egoistic.
b. Glaucon believed that humans were egoistic while Thomas Hobbes did not.
c. Neither Glaucon nor Thomas Hobbes believed that humans were egoistic.
d. Thomas Hobbes believed that humans were egoistic while Glaucon did not.

6. It is fair to say that both Plato and Socrates believed that it was in our self interest to be moral? True

7. Which of the following philosophers compared immorality to a cancer of the soul? a. Thomas Hobbes.
b. Plato.
c. Glaucon.
d. J.S Mill.

8. Which of the following positions on ethics would be most likely to use this analogy, values are like flavors of ice cream, it is up to the individual to choose which they like. a. Ethical objectivism.
b. Ethical egoism.
c. Conventional ethical relativism.
d. Subjective ethical relativism.

9. Which of the following ethical theories would agree that serving one's own self-interest is the only moral duty? a. Utilitarianism.
b. Kantian ethics.
c. Ethical Egoism.
d. Virtue ethics.

10. Which one of the following ethical theories would agree that the consequences of an action make it right or wrong? a. Ethical relativism.
b. Virtue Ethics.
c. Utilitarianism.
d. Kantian Ethics.

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