Chapter 5 Quiz 2

Chapter 5 Quiz 2

1. Which of the following ethical theories is most directly opposite of ethical objectivism? a. Ethical relativism.
b. Virtue ethics.
c. Ethical egoism.
d. Utilitarianism.

2. The fact that some cultures accept the killing of infants as morally acceptable and some cultures conclude that such action is morally wrong provides conclusive proof that ethical relativism is true. True

3. The Greek historian Herodotus related a story about various cultural practices concerning the treatment of the dea d. Ruth Benedict would most likely use this story as evidence for what ethical theory? a. Conventionalism.
b. Ethical egoism.
c. Utilitarianism.
d. Divine command theory.

4. The Greek historian Herodotus related a story about various cultural practices concerning the treatment of the dea d. Clyde Kluckhohn agrees with Ruth Benedict that this story necessarily supports ethical relativism. True

5. It is fair to say that ethical objectivism and ethical absolutism are synonyms. True

6. Which one of the following is Kantian ethics not an example of? a. Ethical absolutism.
b. Ethical relativism.
c. A theory of normative ethics.
d. Ethical objectivism.

7. Which of the following is not one of the negative consequences of taking ethical relativism seriously? a. The idea of moral progress is called into doubt.
b. We could no longer say that the customs of other societies are morally inferior to our own.
c. It would be impossible to ever conclude that someone's action was morally wrong.
d. We could decide whether an action was right or wrong simply by referring to what is normal within a given society.

8. It is fair to summarize ethical egoism by saying, "do whatever you want to do." True

9. Which of the following statements follows from the ethical egoist position? a. One should do whatever they want to do.
b. One should always look to their own long term self interest in every action they take.
c. One should never do something that helps someone else.
d. One should always act with the goal of immediate self-gratification.

10. Hedonism is best characterized as a version of which of the following ethical theories? a. Kantian deontology.
b. Ethical egoism.
c. Utilitarianism.
d. Ethical relativism.

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