Chapter 5 Quiz 3

Chapter 5 Quiz 3

1. Which of the following best characterizes the distinction between ethical egoism and psychological egoism? a. Ethical egoism is a normative theory while psychological egoism is a descriptive theory.
b. Both ethical and psychological egoism are descriptive theories.
c. Ethical egoism is a descriptive theory while psychological egoism is a normative theory.
d. Neither ethical nor psychological egoism are normative theories.

2. Which of the following people is least likely to be considered an ethical egoist? a. Adam Smith
b. Ayn Rand
c. Thomas Hobbes
d. Immanuel Kant

3. Which of the following would be least likely to be used as a synonym for utilitarianism? a. Means-ends ethics.
b. Deontology.
c. Teleological ethics.
d. Consequentialism.

4. The principle of utility is often used as a general definition of Kantian ethics. True

5. Which of the following best characterizes the distinction between instrumental value and intrinsic value? a. Intrinsic value refers to humans and other living things while instrumental value refers to inanimate objects.
b. Instrumental value and intrinsic value are identical.
c. Something has instrumental value when it is good only for a certain individual and intrinsic value when it is good for other people but not for the specific individual.
d. Instrumental value is when something is desired for the ends it produces while intrinsic value is desired regardless of the ends it produces.

6. Which of the following claims would Jeremy Bentham have argued in favor of? a. One should strive to achieve high quality pleasures as opposed to low quality pleasures whenever possible.
b. There is no relevant difference between high and low quality pleasures.
c. One should strive always for low quality pleasures since they are easier to achieve than high quality pleasures.
d. Though objectively superior, most common people can't hope to experience high quality pleasures and so, should be satisfied with low quality pleasures.

7. Which of the following offers the best definition of 'fecundity,' according to Jeremy Bentham's hedonic calculus? a. A fecund pleasure is a low quality pleasure.
b. A fecund pleasure is one that is likely to lead to similar pleasures in the future.
c. A fecund pleasure is one concerned with physical sensations as opposed to intellectual stimulation.
d. A fecund pleasure is one concerned with intellectual stimulation as opposed to physical sensations.

8. Which of the following is not one of the categories on Bentham's hedonic calculus? a. Duration.
b. Quality.
c. Propinquity.
d. Intensity.

9. Which of the following best characterizes J.S Mill's main complaint about Jeremy Bentham's version of utilitarianism? a. It only considers the pleasures of the individual and not of society as a whole.
b. It focuses more directly on the pleasures of men instead of women.
c. It incorrectly considers happiness as the most important human goal.
d. It does include an objective measure of the quality of pleasures.

10. Which of the following philosophers would have agreed with this claim, "it is better to be a fool satisfied than Socrates dissatisfied?" a. Plato.
b. J.S. Mill.
c. Immanuel Kant.
d. Jeremy Bentham.

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