Chapter 5 Quiz 4

Chapter 5 Quiz 4

1. Utilitarianism can fairly be categorized as a form of ethical relativism. True

2. It is fair to say that a utilitarian would never choose to value practical conveniences over human safety and lives. True

3. Immanuel Kant would have said that helping a homeeless person because you felt pity for her would constitute a morally good act. True

4. A naturally kind-hearted person and a naturally mean-spirited person both decide to help a homeless chil d. The kind-hearted person helps without even thinking about it as helping others is their immediate inclination. The mean-spirited person, however, thinks long and hard before deciding that even though they despise homeless people, helping the child is the right thing to do. Which of the following statements would Immanuel Kant agree with? a. The kind-hearted person should be praised for being morally good while the mean-spirited person should not be praised.
b. The mean-spirited person should be praised for being morally good while the kind-hearted person should not be praised.
c. Neither people should be praised for being morally good.
d. Both people should be praised equally for being morally good.

5. "If you want to get good grades then you should study for your exams." According to Kantian ethics, which of the following is true. a. This is a disjunctive imperative.
b. This is a hypothetical imperative.
c. This is a hypocritical imperative.
d. This is a categorical imperative.

6. Kant's categorical imperative states that an act is morally wrong if its general principle can' be formulated into a universal law. True

7. Kant's categorical imperative is best characterized by which of the following statements? a. Though you may never treat other humans as only means to an end, you are free to treat yourself as such.
b. Always treat human beings as means to and end and never as ends in themselves.
c. Always treat human beings as ends in themselves and never only as means to and end.
d. You are free to treat humans as ends in themselves or only as means to an end.

8. Which of the following is the best translation of the Greek work 'arÍte?' a. Excellence.
b. Art.
c. Justice.
d. Beauty.

9. Which of the following philosophers is most concerned with role models? a. Jeremy Bentham.
b. Aristotle.
c. Immanuel Kant.
d. J.S. Mill.

10. It is fair to say that both Aristotle and Jeremy Bentham held happiness as the ultimate goal of the ethical life. True

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