Chapter 6 Quiz 2

Chapter 6 Quiz 2

1. Which of the following best characterizes the distinction between the State of Nature according to Thomas Hobbes and John Locke? a. Hobbes thought the State of Nature was a state of war while Locke thought it was a state of relative peace.
b. Hobbes thought that there was no morality within the State of Nature, while Locke believe there was.
c. Hobbes thought that there was no concept of property within the State of Nature while Locke believed there was.
d. A, B and C are all true.

2. It is fair to say that both Hobbes and Locke believed that, with few exceptions, all humans shared a common human nature. True

3. Which of the following best expresses Locke's view of natural property? a. Natural property is created by mixing labor with a natural resource.
b. Natural property can never be transferred from one person to another.
c. Natural property consists only of a person's own body.
d. Natural property can only be granted by the government.

4. It is fair to conclude that John Locke would not have supported the American Revolution, or any other revolution for that matter. True

5. Which of the following rights did John Locke not believe human being had in the state of nature? a. Life.
b. Property.
c. Happiness.
d. Health.

6. Locke would have agreed with the claim that a government is not a necessity but merely a convenience. True

7. Which of the following most accurately describes Plato's political philosophy known as meritocracy? a. It is a society where only the intellectual elite have a voice in politics.
b. It is a dictatorship.
c. It is a society ruled by religious leaders.
d. It is a pure democracy where every citizen votes.

8. Plato's political philosophy is based on an analogy where he compares the State with which of the following? a. A building with four pillars.
b. God.
c. The human soul.
d. A chariot pulled by two horses.

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