Sandra Wood Scarr
Sandra Scarr was born in 1936 in Maryland. She earned her Ph.D. in psychology in 1965 from Harvard University, where she majored in behavior genetics. She taught at the University of Maryland, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Minnesota, and Yale University. In 1983 she accepted a position as chair of the psychology department at the University of Virginia, where she remains. Scarr's research interests have focused on how heredity and environment interact to produce human development. She is especially well known for her study of transracially adopted African American children. She has written a number of books, including Race, Social Class, and Individual Differences in IQ (1981) and Mother Care/Other Care (1985), which earned her the National Book Award from APA.