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Chapter 6: Population: World Patterns, Regional Trends



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Student Study Guide

Chapter 6: Population: World Patterns, Regional Trends

Objectives:

After reading and studying this chapter you should be able to:

1. Define the various measures basic to the analysis of population.

2. Construct a population pyramid from data on age and sex of a population.

3. Understand the cultural and physical factors which account for the geographic distribution of fertility, mortality and natural increase.

4. Determine any country's position in the demographic transition from knowledge of its birth and death rates and population growth rates.

5. Identify the differences in population growth characteristics between the developed world and the developing world.

6. Locate on a map the most densely populated and least densely populated areas of the world and explain their geographic distribution.

7. Distinguish between areas that are overpopulated and those that are not based on carrying capacity.

8. Describe the relationship between urbanization and population growth and density.

9. Evaluate Malthusian concepts of population growth in light of twentieth-century knowledge about demographic processes.

10. Define population momentum and describe its implications for future population growth.

Matching Questions:

1. Match the following terms with their definitions.

_____ Crude Birth Rate a. annual number of deaths per 1000 population
_____ Carrying Capacity

b. birth rate minus the death rate

_____ Cohort c. the permanently inhabited areas of the earth's surface
_____ Ecumene

d. annual number of births per 1000 population

_____ Infant Mortality Rate

e. the number of persons per areal unit

_____ Mortality Rate

f. births plus immigration is equal to deaths plus emigration

_____ Natural Increase

g. population group unified by a common characteristic

_____ Population Density

h. the number of persons an area can support

_____ Zero Population Growth

i. the number of deaths of infants aged one year or less per 1000 live births

2. Using Figure 6.8 and the Appendix, match the following countries with their respective stages of growth.

_____ Austria a. Rapid Growth
_____ China b. Slow Growth
_____ Colombia c. Stability
_____ Denmark d. Decline
_____ Ghana
_____ Pakistan
_____ Somalia
_____ South Korea
_____ United States

Answer

Fill In The Blanks:

Complete the following by supplying the required answers.

1. List the four conclusions which can be drawn concerning the distribution of the global population.

1. ___________________________________________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

2. A nation's birth rate is strongly influenced by five factors. Identify them.

1. ___________________________________________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________________________________________

5. ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

3. Why is the total fertility rate a better measure than the crude birth rate?

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Answer

Web Page Questions:

Answer the following questions using the web pages listed in the chapter.

1. Population Reference Bureau - http://www.prb.org

When will India surpass China in total population? ________________________________________________

2. Select the "US in the World" option. Find your state and its corresponding country.

What are the common characteristics which link these two regions?

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Answer

Problems:

1. The population pyramid is used to provide a visual impression of the age and sex composition of a country's population. A country's population by age and sex cohorts is provided in the following table. In order to construct the population pyramid:

a. Calculate the percentage of the total population for each sex and age cohort.

b. Construct the population pyramid on the diagram provided.

c. Referring to the population pyramids given in your text, which one resembles the constructed pyramid?

___________________________________________

d. What is the total percentage of? males? _______________ females? _______________

e. What is the total percentage of dependents in the population? _______________

 

Age Males Percent Females Percent
0-4 1,911,500 _____ 1,890,800 _____
5-9 1,884,900 _____ 1,785,200 _____
10-14 1,797,700 _____ 1,700,700 _____
15-19 1,913,300 _____ 1,813,700 _____
20-24 2,281,800 _____ 2,202,300 _____
25-29 2,395,900 _____ 2,343,700 _____
30-34 2,120,300 _____ 2,104,800 _____
35-39 1,896,000 _____ 1,893,900 _____
40-44 2,070,300 _____ 2,071,800 _____
45-49 1,758,400 _____ 1,760,800 _____
50-54 1,533,100 _____ 1,540,900 _____
55-59 1,445,000 _____ 1,474,900 _____
60-64 1,392,800 _____ 1,500,500 _____
65-69 1,291,000 _____ 1,502,500 _____
70-74 982,800 _____ 1,298,800 _____
75-79 727,000 _____ 1,136,200 _____
80+ 649,400 _____ 1,496,100 _____
Total males _________ females _________
Total population ________________

 

2. Using Figure 6.16, Stages in the Demographic Transition, and the crude birth and death rates from the Appendix, place each of the following countries into its appropriate demographic stages.

Region Birth Rate Death Rate Natural Increase Stage inCycle
Morocco

New Zealand

Ethiopia
Qatar
Malta
Laos
Costa Rica
Germany
Bulgaria
Paraguay

3. Using the Appendix, for each of the following population characteristics, list the top five and bottom five ranking countries.

TOP BOTTOM
a. natural increase _________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
b. infant mortality _________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
c. total life expectancy _________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
d. fertility rates _________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________
_________________________ _________________________

Answer



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