Book Cover  Concepts of Physical Fitness 10e   Corbin
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Concept 15: Body Composition


Concept 15: Body Composition

  Absence of, or infrequent, menstruation.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
  Basal Metabolic Rate refers to your energy expenditure in a basic or rested state.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
  A measure of body composition using a height-weight formula. High BMI values have been related to increased disease risk.
Caloric Balance
  Consuming Calories in amounts equal to the number of Calories expended.
  A unit of energy supplied by food; the quantity of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water one degree centigrade (actually a kilocalorie but usually called a Calorie for weight control purposes).
  The usual food and drink for a person or animal.
Essential Fat
  The minimum amount of fat in the body necessary to maintain healthful living.
  METs are multiples of the amount of energy expended at rest, or approximately 1 calorie per kilogram (2.2 pounds) per hour.
Nonessential Fat
  Extra fat or fat reserves stored in the body.
  Extreme overfatness.
  Too much of the body weight composed of fat (see lab resource materials for standards).
  Weight in excess of normal; not harmful unless it is accompanied by overfatness.
Percent Body Fat
  The percentage of total body weight that is comprised of fat.
  Inherent body build; ectomorph (thin), mesomorph (muscular), and endomorph (fat).
  Too little of the body weight composed of fat (see lab resource materials for standards).

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