Book Cover  Concepts of Physical Fitness 10e   Corbin
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Concept 15: Body Composition


Glossary

Concept 15: Body Composition



Amenorrhea
  Absence of, or infrequent, menstruation.
 
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
  Basal Metabolic Rate refers to your energy expenditure in a basic or rested state.
 
Body Mass Index (BMI)
  A measure of body composition using a height-weight formula. High BMI values have been related to increased disease risk.
 
Caloric Balance
  Consuming Calories in amounts equal to the number of Calories expended.
 
Calorie
  A unit of energy supplied by food; the quantity of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water one degree centigrade (actually a kilocalorie but usually called a Calorie for weight control purposes).
 
Diet
  The usual food and drink for a person or animal.
 
Essential Fat
  The minimum amount of fat in the body necessary to maintain healthful living.
 
MET
  METs are multiples of the amount of energy expended at rest, or approximately 1 calorie per kilogram (2.2 pounds) per hour.
 
Nonessential Fat
  Extra fat or fat reserves stored in the body.
 
Obesity
  Extreme overfatness.
 
Overfat
  Too much of the body weight composed of fat (see lab resource materials for standards).
 
Overweight
  Weight in excess of normal; not harmful unless it is accompanied by overfatness.
 
Percent Body Fat
  The percentage of total body weight that is comprised of fat.
 
Somatotype
  Inherent body build; ectomorph (thin), mesomorph (muscular), and endomorph (fat).
 
Underfat
  Too little of the body weight composed of fat (see lab resource materials for standards).

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