Book Cover  Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 3e   Corbin
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Concept 1: Health, Wellness, Fitness, and Healthy Lifestyles: An Introduction


Concept 1: Health, Wellness, Fitness, and Healthy Lifestyles: An Introduction

Bone Integrity
  Soundness of the bones associated with high density and absence of symptoms of deterioration.
  Exercise is defined as physical activity done for the purpose of getting physically fit. Physical activity is generally considered to be a broader term used to describe all forms of large muscle movements including sports, dance, games, work, lifestyle activities, and exercise for fitness. In this book, exercise and physical activity will often be used interchangeably to make reading less repetitive and more interesting.
  Health is optimal well-being that contributes to quality of life. It is more than freedom from disease and illness, though freedom from disease is important to good health. Optimal health includes high-level mental, social, emotional, spiritual, and physical wellness within the limits of oneís heredity and personal abilities.
Hypokinetic Diseases or Conditions
  Hypo means under or too little, and kinetic means movement or activity. Thus, hypokinetic means "too little activity." A hypokinetic disease or condition is one associated with lack of physical activity or too little regular exercise. Examples of such conditions include heart disease, low back pain, adult-onset diabetes, and obesity.
  Illness is the ill feeling and/or symptoms associated with a disease or circumstances that upset homeostasis.
  Lifestyles are patterns of behavior or ways an individual typically lives.
Physical Fitness
  Physical fitness is the bodyís ability to function efficiently and effectively. It consists of health-related physical fitness and skill-related physical fitness, which have at least eleven different components, each of which contributes to total quality of life. Physical fitness also include metabolic fitness (see terms). Physical fitness is associated with a personís ability to work effectively, to enjoy leisure time, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations. It is related to but different from health, wellness, and the psychological, sociological, emotional, and spiritual components of fitness. Although the development of physical fitness is the result of many things, optimal physical fitness is not possible without regular exercise.
Metabolic Fitness
  Metabolic fitness is a positive state of the physiological systems of the body commonly associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Metabolic fitness is evidenced by healthy blood fat (lipid) profiles, healthy blood pressure, healthy blood sugar and insulin levels, and other non-performance measures. This type of fitness shows positive responses to moderate physical activity.
  Wellness is the integration of many different components (mental, social, emotional, spiritual, and physical) that expands oneís potential to live (quality of life) and work effectively and to make a significant contribution to society. Wellness reflects how one feels (a sense of well-being) about life as well as oneís ability to function effectively. Wellness, as opposed to illness (a negative), is sometimes described as the positive component of good health.

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