Book Cover  Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 3e   Corbin
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Concept 3: Preparing for Physical Activity


Glossary

Concept 3: Preparing for Physical Activity



Apparent Temperature
  A combination of temperature and humidity used to determine if it is dangerous to perform physical activity.
 
Clinical Exercise Test
  A test typically administered on a treadmill in which exercise is gradually increased in intensity while the heart is being monitored by an EKG. Symptoms, such as an abnormal EKG, not present at rest may be present in an exercise test.
 
Cool-Down
  Light to moderate tapering-off activity after vigorous exercise; often consisting of the same exercises used in the warm-up.
 
Cross-training
  A term commonly used to indicate participation in a variety of activities (e.g., running, tennis, resistance training)
 
DOMS
  An acronym for delayed onset muscle soreness; a common malady that follows relatively vigorous activity especially among beginners.
 
Dehydration
  Excessive loss of water from the body, usually through perspiration, urination, or evaporation.
 
Hypothermia
  Excessively low body temperature (less than 95 degrees Fahrenheit) characterized by uncontrollable shivering, loss of coordination and mental confusion.
 
Hyperthermia
  Excessively high body temperature caused by excessive heat production or impaired heat loss capacity. Heat stroke is an example of a hyperthermic condition.
 
Lactic Acid
  A substance that results from the process of supplying energy during vigorous activity; a cause of muscle fatigue.
 
Moderate Physical Activity
  Physical activity that is equal or less intense than brisk walking.
 
Par-Q
  This is an acronym for Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. It is designed to help you determine if you are medically suited to begin an exercise program.
 
RICE
  An acronym for a method or treating minor muscle and connective tissue injuries commonly incurred during physical activity—stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation.
 
Warm-Up
  Light to moderate activity done prior to the workout. Its purpose is to reduce the risk of injury and soreness and possibly to improve performance in a physical activity.
 
Wind-Chill Factor
  An index that uses air temperature and wind speed to determine the chilling effect of the environment on humans.
 
Vigorous Physical Activity
  Physical activity that is more intense than brisk walking; usually associated with elevated heart rate, increase breathing rates, and increased sweating.

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