Tendencies to perform a given behavior areinfluenced by:
- Expectation of outcome (Is it worth it?)
- Expectation of self-efficacy (Am I able?)
Motivation is highest when a person is currently dissatisfied with the present conditions
Self-efficacy theory is a part of the overall social cognitive theory (SCT) developed by Bandura. It suggests that cognitions, environmental influences and behaviors themselves interact as determinants of each other in a triadic relationship.
SCT is largely based on the construct of self-efficacy. Motivation toward an activity is thought to be highest if a person possesses high levels of self-efficacy and feel a sense of dissatisfaction with their present state.
Source: Bandura, A. (1977). Self-eficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.