Research on Abdominal Body Fatness - Relationships with CHD Risks
Abdominal obesity predicts CHD risk independent of BMI, smoking, cholesterol and hypertension (Kannel et al., J. Clin Epid., 44, 183-190, 1991).
Abdominal obesity predicts CHD risk independent of total body fatness. (Larsson et al. ,Appetite, 13, 37-44, 1989).
Abdominal obesity statisticallly accounts for difference in CHD rates between men and women (Larsson et al., Am. J. Epi., 135: 266-273, 1992).
Abdominal obesity is strongly influenced by genetics - similar gain among twins (r=.72). (Bouchard, NEJM, 322, 1477-1482, 1990).
Abdominal obesity is greater in smokers than non-smokers due to the presence of androgens (Barrett-Conner, Ann. Int. Med. 111, 783-787, 1989).
Abdominal body fat is preferentially lost during a physical activity program (Kohrt, J. Gerontology, 47: M99-M105, 1992)
There are many studies that document the health risks associated with abdominal obesity. Some of the major findings from these studies are listed above. Interested readers are encouraged to consult these references for more detailed information.