Second Hand Smoke
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is another name for second hand smoke. This is smoke for tobacco products that can be inhaled by non-smokers simply by being around those who are smoking.
Health Related Problems Associated with ETS
A number of recent studies have indicated that ETS is a cause of lung cancer in persons who have never smoked. ETS also has been identified as a risk factor for ischemic heart disease.
Even in a pediatric population ETS increases risk of disease. Meta-analysis of studies involving children have shown that ETS exposure in the home is linked to lower respiratory tract illness causing death. ETS in the home is also associated with as many as 2.2 million episodes of otitis media, and over 3 million doctors visits for asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia in children.
Resources for information on tobacco smoking and ETS
- Malarcher AM, et.al., 1997 editorial note in: Smoking-attributable mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1984. MMWR. 1997:46:444-451.
- California Environmental Protection Agency. Health Effects of Exposure to ETS. Final Report. Sacramento, CA: California Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Envorinmental Health Hazard Assessment; Sept 1997.
- Law MR, et.al., ETS exposure and ischaemic heart disease: an evaluation of the evidence. Br Med J. 1997;314:973-980.
- Hackshaw AK, et.al., The accumulated evidence on lung cancer and ETS. BMJ. 1997;315:980-988.
- DiFranza JR, et.al., Morbidity and mortality in children associated with the use of tobacco products by other people. Pediatrics. 1996;97:560-568.