James Butcher, W. Grant Dahlstrom,
John R Graham, and Auke Tellegan
|James Butcher was born in Bergoo, West Virginia, in
1933. He was orphaned when he was about 10 years old, and he and his four siblings raised
themselves without adults in the home. After graduation from high school, he served in a
combat infantry unit during the Korean War. He then worked as a private detective for two
years before beginning college. In college, his first psychology course convinced him that
he should pursue a career in psychology. He completed a B.A. in psychology at Guilford
College in 1960 and then received two graduate degrees from the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill: an M.A. in experimental psychology in 1962 and a Ph.D. in
clinical psychology in 1964. He then began an academic career at the University of
Minnesota, where he continues to teach and do research. In addition to his work on the
MMPI and the MMPI-2, Professor Butcher has been actively involved in research in
cross-cultural personality studies, computer-based personality assessment, and abnormal
psychology. His contributions have been considered so significant that he was awarded an
honorary doctorate from the Free University of Brussels in 1990.
W. Grant Dahlstrom was born in Minneapolis in 1922. As a child, he lived in a variety of places, including Montana, where he attended a racially integrated school on an Indian reservation, and Pennsylvania, where he attended a racially mixed high school. He returned to Minneapolis for college and graduate school. From the University of Minnesota he received his B.A. in 1944 and his Ph.D. in 1949 with Starke Hathaway as his mentor. He took teaching positions at Ohio Wesleyan University and the
|University of Iowa before joining the faculty at the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1952, where he remained until retirement.
Professor Dahlstrom is well known for his reference works on the MMPI published in the
1950s. He has also completed research on achievement and ability in Black and White
students in segregated schools and on the health sequelae of personality characteristics
in undergraduates. He was honored with the American Psychological Association Award for
Distinguished Contribution to Knowledge in 1991 and with the Bruno Klopfer Distinguished
Contribution Award from the Society for Personality Assessment in 1994. Although retired
from the university since 1993, Professor Dahlstrom continues research in the areas of
personality and health.
John R. Graham is professor of psychology at Kent State University. He wrote the widely used text The MMPI: A Practical Guide in 1977, and in 1990 completed MMPI-2: Assessing Personality and Psychopathology, an authoritative guide to the revised test. Much of his published research has focused on specific issues surrounding the MMPI and the MMPI-2, including ethnic differences in response to the tests and personality profiles of pathological gamblers.
Auke Tellegen (not shown) is at the University of Minnesota and has published extensively, not only on the MMPI and the MMPI-2, but also on topics including the measurement of personality, personality and stress in children and in adults, and genetics.
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