Book Cover Organic Chemistry 4e Carey
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Chapter 24: Phenols

Summary | Phenols | Preparation of Phenols | Reactions of Phenols | Reactions of Aryl Ethers | Spectroscopic Analysis | Self Assessment | Quiz |

Preparations of Phenol

Chapter 24: Phenols


preparation of phenols

Note: The first three methods are primarily industrial methods while the hydrolysis of diazonium salts is the most important laboratory method.


Reaction of Benzene Sulfonic Acid with Hydroxide

preparation of phenols via sulfonic acids
Reaction type : Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution


Can you remember how to prepare benzene sulfonic acid ?  treat with fuming sulfuric acid  (click to review)


Base Hydrolysis of Chlorobenzene

preparation of phenol from chlorobenzene
Reaction type : Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution


Can you recall how you make chlorobenzene ?  treat benzene with Cl2 / Fe or FeCl3 (click to review)

Acidic Oxidation of Cumene

industrial sysnthesis of phenol by oxidation of cumeme
Reaction type : Oxidation


Can you remember how to make isopropyl benzene ?  Friedel-Crafts alkylation : isopropyl chloride / AlCl3 (click to review)


Preparation of Phenols from Aryl Diazonium Salts
(review of Chapter 22)

conversion of aryl diazonium salts to phenols
Summary Question:
How do you prepare aryl amines ?  by reduction of nitrobenzenes:  ArNO2 + Sn/HCl -> ArNH2 (click to review)

Related Reactions






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