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Human Relations  Strategies for Success      
Strategies for Success

Chapter 5 Personal and Organizational Values

Practice Test
  1.What new values toward employment have emerged in the U.S. since the 1970s?  
  a.   People now place less importance on leisure time.  
  b.   People now emphasize making money, not the nature of their jobs.  
  c.   People believe that jobs should be more human and humane.  
  d.   Jobs that are more technical and less personal in nature are more highly valued.  
  2.In Graves' Seven Value Levels, people who get along with others and accept vagueness are at the following level:  
  a.   Tribalism  
  b.   Reaction  
  c.   Existentialism  
  d.   Egocentrism  
  3.Integrity, which is an important part of values, is defined as "soundness of moral character," but it can also be thought of as:  
  a.   being willing to practice what you preach.  
  b.   being a religious person.  
  c.   having an ethical personality.  
  d.   believing that others are entitled to their own values if different from yours.  
  4.Spraunger's Six Value Systems contains which of the following?  
  a.   The religious person  
  b.   The criminal person  
  c.   The meditative person  
  d.   The antisocial person  
  5.Which of the following is NOT an example of a terminal value?  
  a.   Family security  
  b.   Happiness  
  c.   A comfortable life  
  d.   Sadness  
  6.Personal values are first formed when people are:  
  a.   children.  
  b.   teens.  
  c.   young adults.  
  d.   middle-aged adults.  
  7.Personal values are formed:  
  a.   during early adulthood.  
  b.   during the teenage years.  
  c.   during early childhood.  
  d.   during the middle school years.  
  8.Graves' Seven Value Levels describe how values change over people's lives. Babies are on the first level of:  
  a.   social orientation--getting along with others and gaining their approval.  
  b.   achievement--thriving on competition and showing off status symbols.  
  c.   reaction--seeking to get needs fulfilled immediately.  
  d.   conformity--joining groups and in need of straightforward answers.  
  9.What is the main difference between attitudes and values?  
  a.   There is none; the two concepts are identical.  
  b.   Values have a hierarchy of importance, but attitudes do not.  
  c.   Attitudes have a hierarchy of importance, but values do not.  
  d.   Attitudes tend to be more long-term than values.  
  10.The Rath Test is a seven-question test on individual values. Which of the following is NOT one of the questions on that test?  
  a.   Did you choose this value freely without outside pressure?  
  b.   Are you free to alter this value when flexibility is needed?  
  c.   Will you defend this value publicly?  
  d.   Is this value consistent throughout your lfe?  







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