- Consider the evolution of Roman republican government. What were the similarities with the political evolution of the Greek poleis? What were the main differences?
- How did Romans treat their subject peoples? What similarities did Roman foreign policy have with the policies of Alexander the Great? What about the Hellenistic kingdoms?
- In what ways do you think Rome came to resemble the great Hellenistic cities, and what problems did they share?*
- What were the strengths of the Roman army? How and why did Rome expand its territories so extensively?*
- What was the impact of constant warfare on Roman society? Consider changes in agriculture, urban life, and social and cultural life.
- During the decline of the Republic, what was the relationship between economic issues and political ones? Describe the course of events, and explain the rise to power of Julius Caesar.
- Was Julius Caesar a great leader who saw the need to change ways of ruling in order to meet the needs of an empire rather than a city-state? Or was he a power-hungry politician who prevented democratic participation in the Republic?
- Review the political structure of the Roman Republic. What were its strengths and its weaknesses? How did the patron-client system contribute to the strengths and weaknesses of the political system?*
- After the death of Caesar, one of the major challenges facing Rome was establishing an effective form of government. Given what you have learned about Roman traditions in this chapter, what form of government might be formed? What would be the strengths and weaknesses of any new government?*
* Starred questions correspond with questions in the "Review, Analyze, and Anticipate" section of your textbook, pp. 140-142.