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Brandenburg No.5

J. S. Bach (1685-1750)

Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, D Major (Mvt. 1)

Instrumentation: flute, violin, harpsichord (solo group); strings, continuo (tutti)

CD 1, Tracks 54-58, Duration 9:44

Collectively, there are six Brandenburg concertos. Composed in 1721 and dedicated to the Margrave of Brandenburg, these works are excellent examples of Bach's synthesis of German and Italian styles. Each concerto is comprised of three movements (fast-slow-fast) following the pattern of the Italian concerto. Note this movement is in ritornello form and set in a duple meter.

54) Opening ritornello
The opening ritornello begins in the strings (tutti). Note the continuously unfolding melody with no clearly delineated phrases and the repeated rhythmic patterns--two notable characteristics of Baroque music in general.

55) Solo section -- flute, violin, and harpsichord (major key).
:25 Tutti -- Strings with ritornello fragment.

56) Solo section -- flute, violin, harpsichord, varied ritornello fragment.
:20 Tutti -- strings with section of ritornelllo.
:27 Solo -- violin, flute, and harpsichord.
:47 Tutti -- strings, with ritornello fragment (minor key).
:53 Solo -- harpsichord, flute, and violin.
1:34 Tutti -- strings with ritornello fragment (major key).
1:41 Solo -- flute, harpsichord, violin, with a variation of fragment of ritornello.

57) Solo section continues-- new theme in minor tossed between flute and violin.

1:09 Flute and violin trills.
1:13 Tutti -- strings with fragment of ritornello, major key.
1:18 Solo -- violin, flute, and harpsichord.
2:02 Tutti -- strings with a longer section of the ritornello.
2:13 Solo -- violin, harpsichord, flute with variation of ritornello segment.
2:41 Tutti -- strings with ritornello fragment.
2:48 Solo -- violin and flute supported by rapid scale passsages in the harpsichord.


58) Harpsichord solo.
2:56 Tutti -- strings return with ritornello.

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